The Green Fan (Girl of Toledo, Spain)
Artist DetailsName: Robert Henri
Birth: 1865 Death: 1929
Artwork DetailsDate of Work: 1912
Period: 20th Century
Medium: oil on canvas
Dimensions: 41 x 33 inches
Credit: Museum Purchase from the artist
Born in Cincinnati, Henri spent two years at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and then in 1888 went to Paris to study at the Académie Julian. In 1899, Henri settled in New York and became an instructor at several art schools including the Chase School where he succeeded William Merritt Chase (1849 – 1916), The Art Students League, and later his own institution, the Henri School, founded in 1909. Along with fellow New York artists Ernest Lawson (1873 – 1939), John Sloan (1871 – 1951), Arthur B. Davies (1862 – 1928), George Luks (1867 – 1933), Maurice Prendergast (1859 – 1924), William Glackens (1870 – 1938) and Everett Shinn (1876 – 1953), Henri was a member of The Eight whose famous 1908 exhibition at Macbeth Gallery created a sensation. In 1910, he was instrumental in arranging the Exhibition of Independent Artists which foreshadowed the more famous Armory show of 1913.
From 1906 to 1914, Henri executed some of his best work including appealing pictures of children so vivid and refreshing that they recall the work of Frans Hals (ca. 1583 – 1666). Henri moved farther away from portraits to depict instead racial and ethnic types in realistic composition. Numerous times during this period, he exhibited at the Gibbes Museum, The Green Fan was purchased from the 1913 installation.